Tag Archives: Mary I

20 July 1553: The Duke and Dr. Sands at Cambridge

On 20 July 1553 John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, arrived with an army at Cambridge, returning from the venture to capture Mary Tudor (who had proclaimed herself Queen of England). Cambridge had been a stop on the duke’s progress to … Continue reading

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A Grand Conspiracy in 1553? – Grants

Money is probably the best evidence for a conspiracy in 1553. The “cash flow” does not only tell us that there was a plot, but also when it took place. In May, but mostly in June 1553, a lot of … Continue reading

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A Grand Conspiracy in 1553? – Foreign Affairs

On 13 March 1553 the English privy council busied itself with granting a licence for the export of 200,000 pairs of old shoes.1 On 27 June 1553 the members of the same council swore themselves to secrecy about their forthcoming … Continue reading

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A Grand Conspiracy in 1553? – Parliament

Historians have disagreed considerably on deciding when exactly the Duke of Northumberland’s plot to plant his son Guildford on the English throne – by marrying him to Lady Jane Grey – came into being. Traditionally this happened quite early, sometime … Continue reading

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Andrew Dudley Meets the Emperor

On 28 December 1552 the Duke of Northumberland imparted his latest thoughts on English diplomacy to his right hand man, Sir William Cecil. King Edward had just okayed the council’s suggestion “to employ ministers abroad for the public weal of … Continue reading

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Dudley and Paget, Part II

“Whatever the nature of the clash between Northumberland and the 1st Lord Paget in 1551–52, it did not destroy close relations between the families.”1 Certainly, when disaster overcame the Dudleys in the summer of 1553, the Duchess of Northumberland did … Continue reading

Posted in Elizabeth I, friends & foes, Jane Dudley, letters, Robert Dudley | Tagged , , , ,

The Spanish Connection

In May 1537 arrived in England Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, a Spanish diplomat and poet from a most illustrious house. Charles V had sent his new ambassador, temporarily replacing Eustace Chapuys, to negotiate a marriage for the emperor’s cousin, the … Continue reading

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Edward VI – The Wills of a King

On 1 March 1553 King Edward VI opened Parliament. Not in the usual way (he was too ill for that), but in a low-key ceremony in Whitehall Palace. On the last day of the month the King performed the closing … Continue reading

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Edward VI – The Renaissance Prince

“If Henry VIII looked down from heaven upon his young son he would surely have found nothing in his surroundings or in his pastimes to surprise him.”1 A Henry VIII en miniature, Edward VI in his lifetime embodied normality: Growing … Continue reading

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“Very Close and Secret”: The Looming Presence of Torture in the 16th Century

In Late Medieval Europe, torture gradually replaced the ordeal (trial by fire, water, or battle) as the chief investigative method in criminal law. At the same time professional judges educated at universities took over from honourable laymen, and with them … Continue reading

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