Tag Archives: torture

“Very Close and Secret”: The Looming Presence of Torture in the 16th Century

In Late Medieval Europe, torture gradually replaced the ordeal (trial by fire, water, or battle) as the chief investigative method in criminal law. At the same time professional judges educated at universities took over from honourable laymen, and with them … Continue reading

Posted in John Dudley, letters, Netherlands, Robert Dudley | Tagged , , , ,

El Garrote or The Spanish Way of Things

The Duke of Northumberland returned from his venture to defend the throne of Queen Jane on 25 July 1553 and the Imperial ambassadors noted, “when he reached his prison they say his only care was to have nobles to judge … Continue reading

Posted in John Dudley | Tagged , , , ,